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Social Studies Study Guide


Study Guide
Here is what kids need to know:

Standards: Click on the standards link on my homepage for a copy of the grading rubric and standards being assessed and how they will be graded.


Analyze cause and effect relationships, including the importance of individuals, ideas, human interests, and beliefs.

Describe the rise; the political, technological, cultural achievements; and the decline of ancient civilizations.

Write expository texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization and analysis of relevant content. 

Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, maps, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.

Study questions:


Study questions:

1. How did flooding impact life?

                a.  Positives: gave fertile soil

                b. Negatives: washed away homes and crops, unpredictable at times, could not live too close to river

2.  In what region did the majority of the people live?  Why?

                a. East side of China since it was close to the water sources.

3. What were negative effects of living next to the rivers?

                a. Flooding - irrigation helped control this

                b. Cataracts - made traveling difficult/impossible

                c. Traveling - enemies could use the rivers to travel and attack

4. What were positive effects of living next to the rivers?

                a. Flooding - provided rich nutrients to help crops grow

                b. Traveling - allowed trade for better resources

                c. Survival - drink, water crops

                d. Culture - recreation, bathing, religion

5.  How were all of the natural barriers surround China helpful?

                 a. They hindered invaders from attacking.

6.  How were all of the natural barriers surrounding China a hindrance?

                 a. They hindered trade and travel. 

7. Is the Chinese government based on Hierarchical or Egalitarian?

                a. Hierarchical because a small group of people ruled and everyone else followed.  (Looks like a triangle)

8.  Who were the main leaders and what were their impacts on China?

                a.  Emperor Qin - harsh ruler who followed Legalism.  Had the tomb of the terra cotta soldiers.

                b. Confucius: taught everyone to do their job and support one another.

                c. Loazi: taught everyone to give up their worldly desires and follow nature (Dao).

                d: Hanfeizi: taught that all men were evil and needed strict laws and harsh punishments

7.  What were some of China's technological, political, and cultural achievements, and how did they effect the civilization?

               a. Mandate of Heaven

               b. Filial Piety

               c. Dao

               d. Oracle bones

               e. Calligraphy 

               f.  Great Wall

               g. Ideographs

                h.  Rudder

                i.  Paper

               j. Gunpowder

               k. Bureaucracy

               l.  Chess/Checkers

               m. Silk Road

                n. Acupuncture

Previous Vocabulary:

1. Resources: items used to make tools/weapons (metals, stone, sticks, leaves, bone, jade, obsidian, timber, shells...)

2. Nomads: People who move from place to place to find food

3. Surplus: extra food or resources (used to store for later or to trade with)

4. Specialization of Labor: to specialize in one job

5. Domesticate: to tame wild plants or animals

6. Neolithic: New Stone Age

7. Paleolithic: Old Stone Age

8. Technology: Tools used to help survival (weapons, tool need to accomplish a task)

9. Irrigation: Modifying a large water source (river) to have it flow to crops

10.  Regular Food Supply: Having enough food to feed the civilization on a regular basis - not having a limited amount

11.  Human-environment interaction: how humans and the environment interact (+/-) with each other

12.       Natural barrier: mountains, rivers, deserts, forests (anything not manmade)

13.       Modify: change

14.       Adapt: change to fit into  

15.       Depend: need to survive

16.       Environment: weather, animals, plants, water

17.       Effect: what happens because of something

18.      Cause: What started or created something to happen