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Social Studies Study Guide

 

Study Guide
Here is what kids need to know:

Standards: Click on the standards link on my homepage for a copy of the grading rubric and standards being assessed and how they will be graded.


Standards:

Analyze cause and effect relationships, including the importance of individuals, ideas, human interests, and beliefs.

Describe the rise; the political, technological, cultural achievements; and the decline of ancient civilizations.

Write expository texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content. 

Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, maps, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other infomration in print and digital texts.


Study questions:

1. How did flooding impact life?

                a.  Positives: gave fertile soil

                b. Negatives: washed away homes and crops, unpredictable at times, could not live too close to river

2.  In what region did the majority of the people live?  Why?

                a. East side of China since it was close to the water sources.

3. What were negative effects of living next to the rivers?

                a. Flooding - irrigation helped control this

                b. Cataracts - made traveling difficult/impossible

                c. Traveling - enemies could use the rivers to travel and attack

4. What were positive effects of living next to the rivers?

                a. Flooding - provided rich nutrients to help crops grow

                b. Traveling - allowed trade for better resources

                c. Survival - drink, water crops

                d. Culture - recreation, bathing, religion

5.  How were all of the natural barriers surround China helpful?

                 a. They hindered invaders from attacking.

6.  How were all of the natural barriers surrounding China a hindrance?

                 a. They hindered trade and travel. 

7. Is the Chinese government based on Hierarchical or Egalitarian?

                a. Hierarchical because a small group of people ruled and everyone else followed.  (Looks like a triangle)

8.  Who were the main leaders and what were their impacts on China?

                a.  Emperor Qin - harsh ruler who followed Legalism.  Had the tomb of the terra cotta soldiers.

                b. Confucius: taught everyone to do their job and support one another.

                c. Loazi: taught everyone to give up their worldly desires and follow nature (Dao).

                d: Hanfeizi: taught that all men were evil and needed strict laws and harsh punishments

7.  What were some of China's technological, political, and cultural achievements, and how did they effect the civilization?

               a. Mandate of Heaven

               b. Filial Piety

               c. Dao

               d. Oracle bones

               e. Calligraphy 

               f.  Great Wall

               g. Ideographs

                h.  Rudder

                i.  Paper

               j. Gunpowder

               k. Bureaucracy

               l.  Chess/Checkers

               m. Silk Road

                n. Acupuncture

 

Vocab:

1. specialization of labor: choice of job

2. caligraphy: form of writing using pictures

3.  Great Wall: built for protection

4.  Rivers: Main fresh water source

5. Filial Piety: respect of elders

6.  Philosophers: religious teachers

7.  technology: tools made

8.  cause:  the why

9.  effect: what happened 

10. surplus: extra resource

11: settlement: band or group/population of a civilization

12: culture: clothing, food, language, music, art, education, job, recreation...

13: political achievement: government change that impacted life

14: technological achievement: tool/resource that impacted life

15. cultural achievement: cultural aspect that impacted life

16.  irrigation: a way to control flooding: canal, ditch, channel, reservoir, dam 

17. Valley of the Kings: tombs built into a cliff

18. Hierarchical: Society with a few in charge and the majority of the population following

19: Egalitarian: Society where everyone is equal

20. Emperor: leader/ruler

21: Social classes: how people are ranked in their society