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Social Studies Study Guide


Study Guide
Here is what kids need to know:

Standards: Click on the standards link on my homepage for a copy of the grading rubric and standards being assessed and how they will be graded.


Analyze cause and effect relationships, including the importance of individuals, ideas, human interests, and beliefs.

Describe the rise; the political, technological, cultural achievements; and the decline of ancient civilizations.

Write expository texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content. 

Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, maps, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.

Study questions:

Achievements:  What are the changes that Neolithic people made it help them survive better than Paleolithic people?


Study questions:

1. How did flooding impact life?

                a.  Positives: gave fertile soil

                b. Negatives: washed away homes and crops, unpredictable at times, could not live too close to river

2. Why was Egypt known as Black Land?

                a.  The soil was so fertile and rich in nutrients, it was actually black.

3. What were negative effects of living next to the Nile?

                a. Flooding - irrigation helped control this

                b. Cataracts - made traveling difficult/impossible

                c. Traveling - enemies could use the Nile to travel and attack

                d. Delta Marshes - led to the Mediterranean Sea and were difficult to travel in

4. What were positive effects of living next to the Nile?

                a. Flooding - provided rich nutrients to help crops grow

                b. Traveling - allowed trade for better resources

                c. Survival - drink, water crops

                d. Culture - recreation, bathing, religion

5.  How were all of the natural barriers surround Egypt helpful?

                 a. They hindered invaders from attacking.

6.  How were all of the natural barriers surrounding Egypt a hindrance?

                 a. They hindered trade and travel. 

7. Is Egyptian government based on Hierarchical or Egalitarian?

                a. Hierarchical because a small group of people ruled and everyone else followed.  (Looks like a triangle)

8.  Who were the main Pharaohs and what were their impacts on Egypt?

                a.  Ramses - made Egypt wealthy, great at war, expanded Egyptian empire, built temples, built pyramids,

                                       people loved him

                b. Hatshepsut: used peace to make Egypt wealthy, hated war, erased from Egyptian history

                c. Tut: young, did not help or hurt Egypt

                d: Akhenaton/Amenhotep: changed Egypt's religion, hated by the people, made himself a god

                e. Nefertiti: husband was Akhenaton

                f. Cleopatra: conned Romans into helping keep Egypt a province then killed herself when no one believed her


7.  What were some of Egypt's achievements, and how did they effect Egypt?

               a. Pyramids

               b. Sphinx

               c. Deities

               d. Papyrus

               e. Hieroglyphics



1. specialization of labor: choice of job

2. hieroglyphics: form of writing using pictures

3.  Egypt: Black Land

4.  Nile River: Main fresh water source

5. Pyramid: giant structure used as a pharaoh's tomb

6.  Sphinx: giant structure that was half man and half lion built to represent the pharaoh

7.  technology: tools made

8.  cause:  the why

9.  effect: what happened 

10. surplus: extra resource

11: settlement: band or group/population of a civilization

12: culture: clothing, food, language, music, art, education, job, recreation...

13: political achievement: government change that impacted life

14: technological achievement: tool/resource that impacted life

15. cultural achievement: a cultural aspect that impacted life

16.  irrigation: a way to control flooding: canal, ditch, channel, reservoir, dam 

17. Valley of the Kings: tombs built into a cliff

18. Hierarchical: Society with a few in charge and the majority of the population following

19: Egalitarian: Society where everyone is equal

20. Pharaoh: leader/ruler

21: Social classes: how people are ranked in their society


Previous Vocabulary:

1. Resources: items used to make tools/weapons (metals, stone, sticks, leaves, bone, jade, obsidian, timber, shells...)

2. Nomads: People who move from place to place to find food

3. Surplus: extra food or resources (used to store for later or to trade with)

4. Specialization of Labor: to specialize in one job

5. Domesticate: to tame wild plants or animals

6. Neolithic: New Stone Age

7. Paleolithic: Old Stone Age

8. Technology: Tools used to help survival (weapons, tool need to accomplish a task)

9. Irrigation: Modifying a large water source (river) to have it flow to crops

10.  Regular Food Supply: Having enough food to feed the civilization on a regular basis - not having a limited amount

11.  Human-environment interaction: how humans and the environment interact (+/-) with each other

12.       Natural barrier: mountains, rivers, deserts, forests (anything not manmade)

13.       Modify: change

14.       Adapt: change to fit into  

15.       Depend: need to survive

16.       Environment: weather, animals, plants, water

17.       Effect: what happens because of something

18.      Cause: What started or created something to happen