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Social Studies Study Guide


Study Guide
Here is what kids need to know:

Standards: Click on the standards link on my homepage for a copy of the grading rubric and standards being assessed and how they will be graded.


Analyze cause and effect relationships, including the importance of individuals, ideas, human interests, and beliefs.

Describe the rise; the political, technological, cultural achievements; and the decline of ancient civilizations.

Write expository texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content. 

Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, maps, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.

Study questions:

Achievements:  What are the changes that Neolithic people made it help them survive better than Paleolithic people?


Cultural Achievements

·         Food Supply                                                                                                 

o   Surplus                                                                                                                                           

o   Farmed                                                                                

o   Able to feed more people                                           

o   Stable food supply                                                         

o   Domesticated plants and animals


·         Shelter                                                                                                            

o   Mud brick                                                                        

o   Stable                                                                       

o   Safer                                                                                    

o   Stronger                                                                            

o   Permanent                                                                      


·         Population/Settlement

o   Bigger population – surplus

o   Communities

o   Help one another

o   Depend on one another


·         Occupations

o   Specialization of labor

o   More time to do other things

o   Trade surplus


    Technological Achievements:

o   Resources (metals, trade for, more efficient, stronger)

o   Fire (warmth, cooking, scare predators, weapon, light)


Academic Vocabulary:

1. Resources: items used to make tools/weapons (metals, stone, sticks, leaves, bone, jade, obsidian, timber, shells...)

2. Nomads: People who move from place to place to find food

3. Surplus: extra food or resources (used to store for later or to trade with)

4. Specialization of Labor: to specialize in one job

5. Domesticate: to tame wild plants or animals

6. Neolithic: New Stone Age

7. Paleolithic: Old Stone Age

8. Technology: Tools used to help survival (weapons, tool need to accomplish a task)

9. Irrigation: Modifying a large water source (river) to have it flow to crops

10.  Regular Food Supply: Having enough food to feed the civilization on a regular basis - not having a limited amount


Previous Vocab:

1.       Human-environment interaction: how humans and the environment interact (+/-) with each other

2.       Natural barrier: mountains, rivers, deserts, forests (anything not manmade)

3.       Modify: change

4.       Adapt: change to fit into  

5.       Depend: need to survive

6.       Environment: weather, animals, plants, water

7.       Effect: what happens because of something

8.      Cause: What started or created something to happen